How Mexican Cartels Control The Illegal Drug Sector in The USA
Many people have heard of the dangers of the Mexican drug cartels, and if you travel to Mexico, you will undoubtedly hear about the. The most famous and high profile, as of late, has been Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman and the Sinaloa Cartel he controlled before being extradited to the US to face charges in January 2017. However, it may confuse some how cartel leaders such as Guzman are able to control the drug market within a completely foreign country.
According to the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Mexican groups do not have any competitors within the US drug market. This in part and parcel for the increase in drug rehabilitation needs by Americans. The report states there are nine major cartels operating within the United States:
- The Sinaloa Cartel
- The Zeta
- The Knights Templar
- The Juarez Cartel
- The Jalisco Cartel – New Generation (CJNG)
- The Gulf Cartel
- La Familia Michoacana
- Los Cuinis
- Beltran-Leyva Organization (BLO)
As of late, the Sinaloa Cartel has been the most active supplier. The cartel can bring drugs easily into the United States with plentiful drug resources in Mexico. CJNG has begun to rival other cartels such as the Sinaloa cartels. These cartels dominate throughout the creation of drug distribution points in cities such as Los Angeles and Chicago. The 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health found over twenty-two million US citizens 12 years or older, abuse illegal drugs, or around nine percent of the American population. As a result, Americans have increased drug rehabilitation needs.
With such a high number, the demand for the drugs continues, which has allowed these cartels to create a supply network where the drugs can be moved. These cartels work through friendships and family collections in order to move drugs. While many cartels utilize the US-Mexico border, some Colombian cartels have been going through the Caribbean. The reason for this has been to avoid violence in Mexico and any legal trouble due to US Border Patrol. Miami, as a result, has become the main US city for drug trafficking via the Caribbean.
Regardless of attempts made to compete with Mexican drug traffickers, Colombian cartels continue to struggle. Mexican cartel traffickers face the growing increase of American marijuana grown legally within the United States. While most Americans are taught that drugs are bad, there continues to be a demand for the drugs the cartels provide. Because of this, many Americans have turned to drug rehabilitation after abusing drugs for whatever purpose. Unless that demand vanishes, the supply of drugs in the United States will continue onward. And the need for drug rehabilitation will grow.
About the author: Tommy Zimmer is a writer whose work has appeared online and in print. His work covers a variety of topics, including politics, economics, health and wellness, addiction and recovery and the entertainment industry.